Lactose Intolerance

cup of milk with a text saying lactose and a bubble saying intolerance close to a cup of coffee on a blue background

In a world where dairy products seem to be a predominant in many diets, a significant portion of the world’s population faces a unique challenge; lactose intolerance. This common digestive disorder can cause discomfort and inconvenience, however, with the right knowledge and strategies, those affected can still enjoy a balanced and satisfying diet. And it starts from reading through this blogpost for more information on the subject.

It occurs when the small intestine doesn’t produce enough of an enzyme called lactase, which is responsible for breaking down lactose (the sugar found in milk and dairy products) into simpler sugars (glucose and galactose) that can be easily absorbed into the bloodstream.

As a result, undigested lactose moves into the large intestine where it interacts with gut bacteria, leading to a range of uncomfortable symptoms.


The symptoms can vary from person to person, with some experiencing mild discomfort and others more pronounced effects. Common symptoms include:

  1. Bloating and Gas: The fermentation of undigested lactose by gut bacteria can lead to excess gas production and bloating.
  2. Abdominal Discomfort: Cramps and general discomfort in the abdominal region are frequent complaints among those with lactose intolerance.
  3. Diarrhea: The osmotic effect of undigested lactose can draw water into the intestines, resulting in loose stools and diarrhea.
  4. Flatulence: The interaction between lactose and gut bacteria can produce excessive gas, leading to increased flatulence.
  5. Nausea: Some individuals may experience nausea after consuming lactose-containing foods or beverages.

Management of Lactose Intolerance

Living with lactose intolerance doesn’t mean giving up dairy entirely. There are effective strategies to manage this condition and still enjoy a well-rounded diet:

  1. Dairy Alternatives: Thankfully, there are a number of lactose-free or low-lactose dairy alternatives available, including almond milk, coconut milk, soy milk, lactose-free milk, and yogurt. These options provide essential nutrients without the discomfort.
  1. Lactase Supplements: Over-the-counter lactase enzyme supplements can be taken before consuming dairy to help break down lactose and reduce symptoms.
  2. Gradual Introduction: Some individuals may be able to build tolerance over time by gradually introducing small amounts of dairy into their diet.
  3. Reading Labels: Learning to read food labels is crucial for identifying hidden sources of lactose in processed foods. Many packaged products may contain lactose, so being a vigilant label-reader is key to managing possible symptoms.
  4. Natural Sources of Calcium: Since dairy is a primary source of calcium, it is important to find alternative sources such as leafy green vegetables, fortified non-dairy milks, almonds, and other calcium-rich foods.

Balancing Nutrition

One of the concerns of individuals with it is the possibility of nutritional deficit as a result of the condition. They often find it difficult to create a fine balance with food consumption and nutrients. Many often wonder if it is possible to achieve this nutritional equilibrium. On the contrary, maintaining a balanced and nutritious diet is entirely possible while managing it. You will find below a few food options that would meet your nutritional needs:

  1. Protein: Lean meats, poultry, fish, eggs, and plant-based protein sources like beans and lentils are excellent alternatives to dairy-based protein.
  2. Calcium: Focus on calcium-rich non-dairy foods, and consider calcium-fortified alternatives like orange juice and plant-based milks.
  3. Vitamins and Minerals: Ensure you’re getting a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nuts to meet your nutritional needs.


It might pose challenges, but armed with knowledge and practical strategies, it’s entirely manageable, one day at a time. It starts from making smart food choices, to incorporating lactose-free options, and paying rapt attention to your body’s responses. With all of these, you are on your way to enjoying rich and varied diets while minimizing discomfort. Remember, it’s always advisable to consult with a healthcare professional or dietitian to streamline your dietary choices to your specific needs. Dial 08000432584 speak to a doctor on our telemedicine platform.

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