Aging is the natural process of becoming older or the accumulation of various changes over time. These changes may seem scary to the average individual, which often makes old age dreadful. Meanwhile, the expected physical changes at old age can vary from person to person, depending on their individual genetics, lifestyle choices, and overall health. However, some general trends are fairly common:
This is the age-related loss of muscle mass and strength. This natural aging process usually starts around 30 years and accelerates further after 50 years. These changes often lead to weakness, back pains, reduced balance, and increased risk of falls. And it can be attributed to less physical activities.
As you age, bones naturally lose some of their density as well as the ability to regenerate or regrow themselves. Bones become less dense and more brittle, increasing the risk of fractures, especially in hips, wrists, and vertebrae. Read about arthritis…
Skin and hair
- Thinning and wrinkling: Skin loses collagen and elastin, leading to wrinkles, sagging, and increased dryness. These are expected changes as we age.
- Age spots and discoloration: Sun exposure and aging contribute to uneven skin tone and pigmentation changes. These changes can be more obvious among certain race and skin tone.
- Hair loss and graying: Hair follicles shrink and produce less pigment, leading to thinning and graying of hair.
- Taste and smell: Sensitivity to taste and smell can decline, potentially affecting appetite and enjoyment of food. This is where the aged becomes picky with food. And they sometimes demand unconventional food combinations.
- Changes in body composition: There is uneven distribution of fats around the body. The major fat distribution occurs around the abdomen and less in the limbs. This disequilibrium in fat distribution further increases the pressure on the already weakened limbs.
- Decreased metabolism: The body burns fewer calories, making it easier to gain weight and harder to lose it.
- Decreased immune function: The body becomes less effective at fighting off infections and diseases. This is one of the many reasons why older adult are advised to prevent being exposed to infections. Hence, the need to prioritize preventing healthcare as much as possible.
- Changes in sleep patterns: Difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, and experiencing deep sleep become more common as you age.
- Soft spot for grandkids: It is very common for grandparents to show more affection to the grandkids than they did their children. There are no specific reasons why this happens, however, it has become a usual trend among grannies.
Meanwhile, it’s important to note that these are just general trends, and the rate and severity of these changes can vary greatly. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with regular exercise, a balanced diet, and preventive healthcare can help slow down the aging process and minimize the impact of these changes. Do you have any physical changes that you have noticed, and you want medical opinion on? There are doctors on standby on telemedicine ready to listen to your concerns.