a person standing on the edge of a cliff, looking out over a vast landscape that transitions from darkness to light, symbolizing the journey from despair to hope. The person could be surrounded by supportive symbols like outstretched hands, comforting words, and vibrant imagery representing life and renewal. The contrast between the darkness of despair and the brightness of hope would capture the essence of overcoming suicidE thoughts and finding a path towards healing and resilience.

It’s rare for anyone to celebrate a 20-year-old woman who admitted to being sexually molested by her supposed uncle. It’s even harder to hear her confession while she’s drowning in a sea of shame and guilt at the same time. The only way to rescue this 20-year-old girl is to bring out the bright side of things.

It’s easy to see how these real-life scenarios affect young people today, even the older ones. They try to weave and drift in-between life’s circumstances, but they don’t always know what to do. We hear crazy stories made the headlines way more than expected in recent times. And we’re perplexed, confused even, on how to help those who are often one trigger away from being a victim of the menace.

Suicide prevention is a serious issue that needs to be taken very seriously. According to content analysis from newspapers study suggests that being male, married, or living in semi-urban areas, suicide is the ninth leading cause of death in Nigeria. It is also the third most common cause of death among those between 20 and 34 years old. Suicide is a complex public health problem that requires multiple strategies to address.

However, there are certain risk factors that have been identified as potentially contributing to suicidal thoughts and behaviors.

Suicide is simply the act of taking one’s own life. It is researched to be the 10th leading cause of death worldwide; with an estimated one million people per year. That’s quite a lot of deaths if you’d agree. It is no wonder World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD) is celebrated annually on 10 September. The international Association of Suicide Prevention (IASP), endorsed by the World Health Organization (WHO), generally organizes this day. This event focuses on how we can employ various measures to prevent the occurrence of suicide among the nations of the world.

The WHO made it clear that suicide prevention is not only about preventing individuals from committing suicide. It involves preventing vulnerable groups from being exposed to situations that may lead them to commit suicide themselves. The WHO suggests that countries adopt laws protecting those at risk from exposure to certain behaviors, such as bullying and violence.

There is no one specific cause of suicide. Instead, there are risk factors. These risk factors are different among individuals. Some people may have a higher resistance to stressful life events and are able to bounce back after a setback more quickly than others do. Everyone has different levels of resilience and resolve to live unending hardships. Here are a few of them:

The diagnosed mental problem, including depression

  • Physical health challenge
  • Terminal disease
  • Substance abuse (alcohol)
  • Drug problem (addiction)
  • Death of a loved one
  • Job loss
  • Financial problem
  • War veterans
  • Midlife crisis
  • Gross regret, resentment, and guilt
  • Gambling problem
  • Childhood sexual abuse

This simply entails any means by which an individual chooses to end their life. They are usually impulsive decisions that are not without a plan/ideation. However, it can be prevented by removing the means. Here are some of the various means of suicide.

  • Suffocation/strangulation
  • Hanging
  • Drug overdose
  • Sharp object/knife
  • Toxic substances
  • Pesticide
  • Shooting (Gunshot)

If you suspect someone is considering suicide, especially if they have demonstrated persistent sentiments of despair and hopelessness, remove any potential means they may intend to employ. If at all possible, remove the means immediately.

No one suddenly decides to end his/her own life at the spur of the moment. There is a carefully thought process involved before a suicidal act can be successful. It starts with a plan; ideation to end the pain, guilt, and/or condemnation of repressed hurtful thoughts and memories. Psychologists refer to these thoughts as intrusive thoughts.

The first step toward fighting depression is noticing that it has taken hold of your life. This can be done through self-examination in which you try to figure out what causes your moods to fluctuate so drastically from day to night.

A second step involves trying to identify what makes you feel bad about yourself or others around you. If you find that this occurs frequently then it is likely that something has been bothering you for quite some time now but wasn’t able to surface until now due to repression or denial.

Finally, you need to determine how long this problem has been affecting your daily routine and if there’s any underlying cause behind it all that might explain why things have worsened over time rather improved.

People who suffer from depression find it hard to see any light at the end of the tunnel. If you know someone who suffers from depression, it is important to give them support and encouragement. Do not judge or criticize them as that may make things worse. Don’t be in a hurry to fix their problems or show them a path because they tend to feel helpless and need support more than anything else. You can visit International Suicide Prevention Wiki for more info.

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